DRAFT: This module has unpublished changes.

Salma Yehia

Presentation September 20th

Comparative Politics


Comparing Egypt from news to Brazil from readings.


v Brief Description of chosen news (link below)-

  • Many military leaders in its history have manipulated Egypt’s path.  The article discusses how the current turmoil shows the central role of the military in post-colonial Middle Eastern country. It moves on to compare Egypt’s current military state to that of the surrounding areas and warns Egyptian General Sisi that there is a foreshowed negative future for him. The article continues to describe the great power of militaries and Egypt’s potential move towards a state like Pakistan.





Part 1:  Summarize 3 aspects of the reading that are of the greatest important

(I chose the Berman Sherri Reading)


  1. Brazil was built on the international trading sceneà trade made the state and allowed the state to avoid internal wars. Usually, in most of Europe, it was the war that made the state and the state that made war
    1. Moreover, this solidified Brazil’s legitimacy internationally. Not only did outside states lend its states money, but made Brazil their new home with an influx of European immigrants
    2. Brazil’s weak military and tax institutions would lead to economic policies that were liberal from an outward glance, but in reality not so much on the interior of the country.
      1. This is thought-provoking because usually such colonialized states grouped around developing a strong military
    3. This article really showed the uniqueness of Brazil has having been developed as two separate entities—one that was economic liberalism on the international perspective, and one that was divided and not united internally-until parliament freed the Brazilians and the “official brazil of the court came increasingly to penetrate the real Brazil of the interior”.



Part 2: Two comparisons – compare country in news with country in readings related to theme of the week


  1. They were both ruled by British colonial powers – but Egypt developed quicker as the hub of the Middle Eastern world –yet because it was too rapid of a change, and quick military control for decades—Egypt is now having to deal with both economic and political issues stemming from its history of war like most of Europe in its colonization period.
    1. State building: Egypt had developed a strong military base but in Brazil, “trade made the state and allowed the state to avoid internal wars (Brazil Riots showing a rise in internal war as trade decreases and not as dependent on imports?)
    2. Brazil was largely under-populated and huge compared to Egypt’s small state with millions living in once city
      1. This created different development stages and different needs for the people in each country

                   i.     For Egypt the main form of development was through tourism while

                          for Brazil it was trading items such as Coffeeà but now Egypt is losing

                          its tourism and degrading the economy



Part 3: Discussion Question


  1. Is state-building a linear movement or is it cyclical (in that every couple of decades a new type of state forms along with the changing international global atmosphere)?
    1. The relevance of this question is Egypt was a state has been changing for decades and it seems a new sort of state may arise. In Brazil, the recent riots may be hinting at the Brazilians voicing their want for different governance.






DRAFT: This module has unpublished changes.